HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL
NOLA PENDER OUTLINE
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL
I. BACKGROUND: OVERVIEW
A. Nola Pender (born August 16, 1941) is a nursing theorist, author and academic. She is a professor emerita of nursing at the University of Michigan. Nola Pender developed a nursing theory model called Health Promotion. This theory is aimed at helping patients prevent illness through their behaviors and choices (Butts et al, 2013).
B. She earned did her Ph.D. degree at Northwestern University in 1969. During her doctoral degree, she met a doctoral advisor by the name James Hall who studied human thoughts in relation to how it influenced and shaped their behavior and motivation. From her interaction with James, Nola developed an interest in health promotion which culminated in her, coming up with the health promotion model after seeing that health personals only intervene when a patient had developed an acute or chronic health condition (Butts et al, 2013).
C. She believed that preventing a problem before it occurred could improve a person’s quality of life and money can be saved by the promotion of healthy lifestyles. This model was published in 1982.
D. Overview of the Theory
• Nola Pender’s theory’s purpose is to aid nurses in helping their patients identify health risk factors as well as beneficial practices in order to help the patients actively determine which behaviors will result in achieving optimum health. (reference)
• The health promotion Model is based on eight assessment nursing beliefs, all of which can be determined as points of potential nursing intervention. (reference)
• The key nursing concepts include a consideration of:
II. BACKGROUND: THEORY DESCRIPTION
A. Health promotion model
1. The Model:
· In1982, Dr. Pender published her health Promotion Model in her first edition book “Health Promotion in Nursing Practice.”
· The key components of this model include individual characteristic and experiences, behavior specific cognition and affects, and behavioral outcome health promoting behavior.
· The purpose of this model is to promote health promotion and illness prevention.
· It can aid nurses to help patients in altering their negative behaviors.
· Mid-range theory: A testable theory that contains a limited number of variables, and is limited in scope as well, yet is of sufficient generality to be useful with a variety of clinical research questions (physical exercise, diet, smoking, stress management). I used this website to get info above so we need to give reference : https://prezi.com/0wcyvclypzqx/copy-of-nola-pender/
2. The Focus and Goal:
Pender defines health as a positive dynamic state, not just absence of disease. The Health Promotion Theory focuses on three main aspects of life: behaviors specific knowledge, individual experience and behavior outcome, therefore every individual should be educated on behavioral changes that will help promote their health.
Dr. Pender wanted a model that focused on positive factors:
· Identified factor that influence behavior (Pender, 2011)
· The nurse work with the patient to discover behaviors and help change them, so can lead to a healthy lifestyle (Pender, 2011)
3. Developed because she believed intervention was only being done after people developed health issues. Dr. Pender believed that prevention is a better option.
· Better quality of life
· Increased life span
· Saving in health care dollars (Pender, 2011)
With this knowledge, these individuals should then work towards changing their past behaviors whether cultural practices or family traditions with the hope that these changes will produce anticipated health benefits. The goal is to learn and set up health promoting behavior (Alligood, 2014).
III. THE THEORIST: NOLA PENDER
A- Born in Lansing, Michigan on August 16th, 1941
B- Only child of Frank and Eileen Blunk
C- In high school, Pender became s Red Cross volunteer at Edward Sparrow Hospital
D- Married Al Pender. A high school teacher, and soon after they moved to Grand Forks, North Dakota
E- Lover unconfirmed but not denied
F- They had first child in 1971, Andrea, and second child, Brent, 1972 (reference)
IV. BACKGROUND: EDUCATION AND TRAINING
1959-1962 RN Pender went to West Suburban Hospital School of Nursing, Oak Park, Illinois and earned a Diploma Nursing Certificate
1962-1964 Earned her B.S. at Michigan State University Nursing, East Lansing, Michigan
1964-1965 Earned her M.A. Human Growth and Development-Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
1967-1969 PhD. She received her PhD degrees in both Psychology and Education at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois
She began teaching soon after at the School of Nursing at Northern Illinois University
1980-1983 20 Graduate Nursing hours-Rush University Community Health, Chicago, Illinois
V. BACKGROUND: AFFILILIATIONS/SERVICE
I used this webpage to get information, so reference needed: http://www.nursing.umich.edu/faculty-staff/nola-j-pender
1962 – Present – Joined the American Nursing Association
1985-1987- President of the Midwestern Nursing Research Society
1992-Hon. Achieved Honorary Doctorate of Science Degree, Widener University, Chester, Pennsylvania Should I put this under a different part?
1991-1993 – President of the American Academy of Nursing
1993-2000 – Member of the Board of Directions of Research America
1998-2002 – Member of the U.S. Preventive Service Task Force
2009-Present – Trustee of the Midwest Nursing Research Society Foundation
2009 – Present – Co-founder, Midwest Nursing Research Society
VI. BACKGROUND: AWARDS:
1972 – Earned the Distinguished Alumni Award from MSU.
1988 – Earned Distinguished Contributions to Research, Midwestern Nursing Research Society
1997 – Earned Distinguished Contributions to Nursing and Psychology, American Psychological Association
1998 – Received Mae Edna Doyle Teacher of the Year Award from MSU
2005 – Earned the Lifetime Achievement Award, Midwest Nursing Research Society
Selected for Portraits of Excellence, FITNE Series, Volume II
VII. BACKGROUND: EDUCATION
PhD, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, 1969
MA, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 1965
BS, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 1964
VIII. BACKGROUND: PUBLICATION HIGHLIGHTS
· Pender, N.J., Murdaugh, C., & Parsons, M.A. Health promotion in nursing practice, 6th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2010.
· Hendricks, C., Murdaugh, C., & Pender, N. The adolescent lifestyle profile: Development and psychometric characteristics. Journal of National Black Nurses Association, 2006;17(2): 1-5.
· Robbins, L.B., Gretebeck, K.A., Kazanis, A.S., Pender, N.J. (2006). Girls on the Move program to increase physical activity participation. Nurs Res 2006;55(3):206-216.
· Pender, N.J., Bar-Or, O., Wilk, B. & Mitchell, S. Self-efficacy and perceived exertion of girls during exercise. Nurs Res, 2002; 5: 86-91.
· Pender, N.J., Bar-Or, O., Wilk, B. & Mitchell, S. Self-efficacy and perceived exertion of girls during exercise. Nurs Res 2002; 51(2): 86-91.
· Whitlock, E.P., Orleans, C.T., Pender, N. J., Allan, J. Evaluating primary care behavioral counseling interventions: An evidence-based approach. Amer J Prev Med 2002;22(4): 267-284.
· Eden, K.B., Orleans, C.T., Mulrow, C.D., Pender, N.J., Teutsch, S.M. Does counseling by clinicians improve physical activity? A summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of Intern Med 2002;137 (3):208-215.
· Shin, Y.H., Jang, H.J., & Pender, N.J. Psychometric evaluation of the exercise self-efficacy scale among Korean adults with chronic diseases. Res Nurs Health. 2001;24: 68-76.
· Robbins, L.B., Pender, N.J., Conn, V.S., Frenn, M.D., Neuberger, G.B., Nies, M.A., Topp, R.V., & Wilbur, J.E. Physical activity research in nursing. J Nurs Schol 2001;33(4): 315-321.
· Wu, T.Y., & Pender, N.J. Determinants of physical activity among Taiwanese adolescents: An application of the health promotion model. Res in Nurs Health 2001; 25: 25-36.
· Garcia, A.W., Pender, N.J., Antonakos, C.L., & Ronis, D.L. Changes in physical activity beliefs and behaviors of boys and girls across the transition to junior high school. J Adol Health. 1998;22(5): 394-402.
· Pender, N.J. Motivation for physical activity among children and adolescents. In J.Fitzpatrick & J. S. Stevenson (Eds). Annual Review of Nursing Research, New York: Springer.1998; 16: 139-172.
· Pender, N.J. Health promotion: An emerging science for self care and professional care. Qual Nurs 1997; 3(5): 449-454.
· Pender, N.J., Sallis, J., Long, B.J., et al. Health care provider counseling to promote physical activity. In R. K. Dishman (Ed.) Advances in Exercise Adherence Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994; 213-235.
· Pender, N.J., Walker, S.N., Stromborg, M.F., & Sechrist, K.R. Predicting health-promoting lifestyles in the workplace. Nurs Res 1990; 39 (6): 326-332.
Articles authored by Nola Pender:
Some books by Nola Pender:
Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theorists and their work. Elsevier Health Sciences. – I am not sure if it is correct in APA ?
Butts, J. B., Bandhauer, D., & Rich, K. L. (2013). Philosophies and theories for advanced nursing practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Pender, N. J. (2011). Health Promotion Model. Nursing Theory. Retrieved from:
Some information’ I get from these web site:
This is just a sample
Overview of Theory
· Nola Pender’s theory’s purpose is to aid nurses in helping their patients identify health risk factors as well as beneficial practices in order to help the patients actively determine which behaviors will result in achieving optimum health.
· The health promotion Model is based on eight assessment nursing beliefs, all of which can be determined as points of potential nursing intervention.
· The key nursing concepts include a consideration of:
· The components of Dr. Pender’s Health promotion Model focuses on three areas:
· Individual patient’s characteristics and experiences
· Behavior-specific knowledge and affect
· Behavioral outcomes
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Contributions to Nursing & Healthcare
Dr. Pender’s contributions to nursing and healthcare include:
· The development of the Health Promotion Model as this tool is utilized in a variety of settings to help patients throughout their life span improve their health by considering and altering risk factors, individual behavioral choices, and their environment.
· Educating nursing students at the baccalaureate, masters, and PhD levels, which has promoted higher education for nursing lending credence not only to nursing science but advancement of nursing professionalism.
· Research studies which have validated the importance of the patient taking an active role in achieving an individualized optimum health status.
Affiliations with research societies and task forces which promote not only disease prevention but the pursuit of the best possible behavioral outcomes influencing health state:
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This model used in research to determine what are outside influences.
Impact in individual’s behavior and what are intervention program’s improved health. A clinical example of this model is assessing of patients ready to learn before education. Once the patient shows his readiness education will began on healthy behavior and why these behaviors are important implement. An example: A person was diagnosed with prediabetes. Nurse will educate with health foods, portion control and exercise. The major focus on health Promotion Model is assessment of multiple dimensions of the individual.
First: Includes Individual’s characteristic and personal experiences.
Second: They take a look at the behavior specific cognitions and effect. Such as perceive self-afachasion 1.53 (Efakasin) and perceived self-benefits of action. This also includes in a personal, situational influences ……………………? 1.55
Lastly, Health Promotion Model assesses behavioral outcome which is the health promoting behavior. In the end, the greater the personal commitment to health, the more likely ….??
Individual’s assessment that there is benefit to changing or adapting a new health behavior.
· Two key components for the Health Promotion Model to be successful
· Willingness to learn
· Commitment to make lifestyle changes